Why Do We Need To Know These Things?
“But he said to me, “Understand, O son of man, that the vision is for the time of the end.” Daniel 8:17 ESV.
This prophecy is for us. The time has come for us to understand it. God told Daniel to write the vision and its interpretation for us to benefit from it. Satan wanted you to stop learning this because it will be another proof that once again Bible prophecies are true, and that God can be trusted.
Also, it will help us know the agents of Satan masquerading as Christians today, and thus we can avoid their deceptions.
When the disciples asked signs for the last days, Jesus responded with this: “And he said, Take heed that ye be not deceived:” Luke 21:8 KJV. Which means that in the last days deceptions will be at its best. So in order for us to be spiritually wise and not to be deceived let us continue on reading.
The Ram As The Medo-Persian Empire
“I raised my eyes and saw, and behold, a ram standing on the bank of the canal. It had two horns, and both horns were high, but one was higher than the other, and the higher one came up last. I saw the ram charging westward and northward and southward. No beast could stand before him, and there was no one who could rescue from his power. He did as he pleased and became great.” Daniel 8:3-4.
The Bible gave us the identity of who the ram is. It also tells us the meaning of ‘horn’ in Bible prophecy, i.e. a power, rulership, king, leader.
“As for the ram that you saw with the two horns, these are the kings of Media and Persia.” Daniel 8:20. This verse has the same fulfillment as the bear in Daniel 7:5:
“And behold, another beast, a second one, like a bear. It was raised up on one side. It had three ribs in its mouth between its teeth; and it was told, ‘Arise, devour much flesh.'”
Historians call this as the Medo-Persian empire. But the younger Persia was more dominant and stronger and thus the reason why one shoulder of the bear is “raised up on one side” or “one horn is higher than the other” in the ram.
The Goat As The Grecian Empire
“As I was thinking about this, suddenly a goat with a prominent horn between its eyes came from the west, crossing the whole earth without touching the ground. It came toward the two-horned ram I had seen standing beside the canal and charged at it in great rage. I saw it attack the ram furiously, striking the ram and shattering its two horns. The ram was powerless to stand against it; the goat knocked it to the ground and trampled on it, and none could rescue the ram from its power. The goat became very great, but at the height of its power the large horn was broken off, and in its place four prominent horns grew up toward the four winds of heaven.” Daniel 8:5-8 NIV.
The Bible again tells us who the goat is.
“And the goat is the king of Greece. And the great horn between his eyes is the first king. As for the horn that was broken, in place of which four others arose, four kingdoms shall arise from his nation, but not with his power.” Daniel 8:21-22.
The notable horn who led the Greece to conquer the known world back then is no other than Alexander The Great. But in 323 B.C. he died at the height of his power at the age of about 33 years old. Four of his generals divided the empire into four kingdoms: Antigonid Macedonia, Attalid Pergamum, Ptolemaic Egypt, and Seleucid Syria. Everything happened just exactly what the Bible had predicted.
This prophecy is also the same with the leopard with four heads and four wings in Daniel 7:6:
“After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it.”
Leopard with wings is the common representation of Greece back then.
The Little Horn
“Out of one of these four horns grew a little horn, whose power extended toward the south and the east and toward the Promised Land. It grew strong enough to attack the army of heaven, the stars themselves, and it threw some of them to the ground and trampled on them. It even defied the Prince of the heavenly army, stopped the daily sacrifices offered to him, and ruined the Temple. People sinned there instead of offering the proper daily sacrifices, and true religion was thrown to the ground. The horn was successful in everything it did.” Daniel 8:9-12 GNB.
This Little Horn who became blasphemous against God came from those four kingdoms left by Alexander the Great.
“When the end of those kingdoms is near and they have become so wicked that they must be punished, there will be a stubborn, vicious, and deceitful king. He will grow strong—but not by his own power. He will cause terrible destruction and be successful in everything he does. He will bring destruction on powerful men and on God’s own people. Because he is cunning, he will succeed in his deceitful ways. He will be proud of himself and destroy many people without warning. He will even defy the greatest King of all, but he will be destroyed without the use of any human power.” Daniel 8:23-25 ESV.
This Little Horn was not named, but God gave us clues to know exactly who this Little Horn is. In this chapter God started with Medo-Persia and Greece. That will be our starting point to know who the Little Horn is. God respects our ability to reason and thus He expects us to use it.
Just like the ram and the goat, this prophecy of Daniel 8 is parallel to the prophecy in Daniel 7. And thus, the Little Horn of Daniel 7 and Daniel 8 pertains to only one fulfillment. What are the clues then?
- “Out of one of these four horns grew a little horn” – geographically speaking, the Little Horn must come from where the four kingdoms were. Also, we are told in Daniel 7:8 that this Little Horn will be from where the 10 Kingdoms were located. Looking back at the historical maps we can see that this Little Horn must come from the modern day Europe.
- “When the end of those kingdoms is near” – the rise of the Little Horn will be at the end of the reign of the four kingdoms. Also in Daniel 7:7, we are told that this Little Horn came out from the fourth beast with ten horns. According to world history, it was the Roman Empire that rose up after the Grecian Empire. And so this Little Horn must rise sometime in the vast extent of the Roman power; not during the Babylonian nor Grecian era.
- “whose power extended toward the south and the east and toward the Promised Land” – these were the directions toward which Rome expanded to build its empire, taking over one after another of the Greek kingdoms. It was the Roman Empire in power when Jesus was born, and Jerusalem being under the authority of the Romans. This Little Horn comes from the Roman power.
- “It grew great, even to the host of heaven.” – aside from expanding its territory horizontally (political expansion), it even attempted to reach the heavens–which means that it touches matters pertaining to spiritual things–God’s truth and its teachings. The Little Horn is not only a political power but also very much interested in things pertaining to God. The Little Horn enjoys political and spiritual powers.
- “He will bring destruction on powerful men and on God’s own people” – representing himself as a spiritual leader, but the Little Horn will persecute the saints of God on earth. Also, with the power given to him, he is able to put known leaders to destruction. At the height of his power, he is able to put into prison even kings and national leaders. In Daniel 7:20 he was able to annihilate three kingdoms.
- “He will grow strong—but not by his own power” – in Revelation 13, this persecuting power has the blessing of the Old Serpent, the Dragon, the Devil. This is the reason why you can see pagan and cultic symbols in the relics, artifacts, buildings, institutions of this power.
- “He will even defy the greatest King of all” – just like Lucifer, the Little Horn places himself in equal of God’s status. This man-made power promoted himself and teaches its believers that their leader is the “Vicar of God on earth”. Many of its believers actually professed that when you see it’s leader you seem to see God Himself. This power acknowledges that it can change God’s laws, particularly the Ten Commandments. This is the reason why their Ten Commandments is quite different with the one written in the Bible.
- “Because he is cunning, he will succeed in his deceitful ways” – his manner of reaching people is deception. This means that he will appear as the “Vicar of Christ”, he will use the Bible, he will use “love for humanity”, he will use good works and yet his doctrines and teachings are contrary to God’s Word.
- “he will be destroyed without the use of any human power” – whatever attempt of any human being to put this power to death (or stop him) will not succeed. Only God can put this power to stop. In Daniel 7:26, this Little Horn power ended when God’s kingdom is established. This also means that this Little Horn is working until the end of this earth. This power is not a human being, but a system. No human being will stay alive beginning from the Roman Empire up until Jesus comes.
- Although powerful, but this horn (power) is just a ‘little’ one. The previous horns (kingdoms, powers) before him were empires occupying vasts of lands. But this one has only a little. The seat of this religio-political power is considered as only a city. It is located in modern-day Rome today.
Who do you think fits all these clues given by the Bible?
If you got it correctly, please pray. Pray for the Holy Spirit that you accept God’s Truth wholeheartedly. There is peace and sound wisdom in God’s side.